Form (Rev. December 2008)
Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service
Election To Have a Tax Year Other Than a Required Tax Year
OMB No. 1545-1036
Employer identification number
Type or Print
Number, street, and room or suite no. (or P.O. box number if mail is not delivered to street address)
City or town, state, and ZIP code
Check applicable box to indicate type of entity: Partnership S corporation (or C corporation electing to be an S corporation) Personal service corporation (PSC)
Name and telephone number (including area code) of person who may be called for information:
Enter ending date of the tax year for the entity's last filed return. A new entity should enter the ending date of the tax year it is adopting Enter ending date of required tax year determined under section 441(i), 706(b), or 1378 Section 444(a) Election. Check the applicable box and enter the ending date of the first tax year for which the election will be effective that the entity is (see instructions): Adopting Retaining Changing to
Under penalties of perjury, I declare that the entity named above has authorized me to make this election under section 444(a), and that the statements made are, to the best of my knowledge and belief, true, correct, and complete.
Signature and title (see instructions)
Section references are to the Internal Revenue Code unless otherwise noted.
Where To File
File Form 8716 at the applicable IRS address shown below. If the entity's principal place of business or principal office or agency is located in
Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, Wyoming
Purpose of Form
Form 8716 is filed by partnerships, S corporations, and personal service corporations (as defined in section 441(i)(2)) to elect under section 444 to have a tax year other than a required tax year.
Use the following address
Also file a copy of Form 8716 with your income tax return for the first tax year for which the election is made. To enable electronic filing, you may file an unsigned Form 8716 containing the same information as on the signed Form 8716 you filed separately.
Effect of Section 444 Election
Partnerships and S corporations. An electing partnership or S corporation must file Form 8752, Required Payment or Refund Under Section 7519, for each year the election is in effect. Form 8752 is used to figure and make the payment required under section 7519 or to obtain a refund of net prior year payments. File Form 8752 by May 15 following the calendar year in which each applicable election year begins. The section 444 election will end if the partnership or S corporation is penalized for willfully failing to make the required payments. Personal service corporations (PSC). An electing PSC should not file Form 8752. Instead, it must comply with the minimum distribution requirements (see next paragraph) of section 280H for each year the election is in effect. If the PSC does not meet these requirements, the applicable amounts it may deduct for payments made to its employee-owners may be limited.
When To File
Form 8716 must be signed and filed by the earlier of: 1. The 15th day of the 5th month following the month that includes the 1st day of the tax year the election will be effective or 2. The due date (not including extensions) of the income tax return for the tax year resulting from the section 444 election. Items 1 and 2 relate to the tax year, or the return for the tax year, for which the ending date is entered on line 5 above. Under Regulations section 301.9100-2, the entity is automatically granted a 12-month extension to make an election on Form 8716. To obtain an extension, type or legibly print "Filed Pursuant To Section 301.9100-2" at the top of Form 8716, and file the form within 12 months of the original due date.
Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service Center Cincinnati, OH 45999
Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service Center Ogden, UT 84201
An entity without a principal office or agency or principal place of business in the United States must file Form 8716 with the Internal Revenue Service Center, P.O. Box 409101, Ogden, UT 84409.
Cat. No. 64725S
For Paperwork Reduction Act Notice, see instructions.
Form 8716 (Rev. 12-2008)
Use Schedule H (Form 1120), Section 280H Limitations for a Personal Service Corporation (PSC), to figure the required minimum distribution and the maximum deductible amount. Attach Schedule H to the income tax return of the PSC for each tax year the PSC does not meet the minimum distribution requirements.
Check the applicable box to indicate whether the entity is classified for federal income tax purposes as a partnership, an S corporation (or a C corporation electing to be an S corporation), or a PSC. A corporation electing to be an S corporation that wants to make a section 444 election is not required to attach a copy of Form 8716 to its Form 2553, Election by a Small Business Corporation. However, the corporation is required to state on Form 2553 its intention to make a section 444 election (or a backup section 444 election). If a corporation is making a backup section 444 election (provided for in Part II, item Q, of Form 2553), it must type or print the words "Backup Election" at the top of the Form 8716 it files. See Temporary Regulations section 1.444-3T for more details.
The section 444 election will end if the PSC is penalized for willfully failing to comply with the requirements of section 280H.
Members of Certain Tiered Structures May Not Make Election
No election may be made under section 444(a) by an entity that is part of a tiered structure other than a tiered structure that consists entirely of partnerships and/or S corporations all of which have the same tax year. An election previously made will be terminated if an entity later becomes part of a tiered structure that is not allowed to make the election. See Temporary Regulations section 1.444-2T for other details.
Enter the name and telephone number (including the area code) of a person that the IRS may call for information needed to complete the processing of the election.
beginning November 1. ABC's required tax year under section 1378 is a calendar tax year. In this case, the deferral period of the tax year being changed is 2 months. Thus, ABC may elect to retain its tax year beginning November 1 and ending October 31 or elect a tax year beginning on December 1 (with a deferral period of one month). However, it may not elect a tax year beginning October 1 because the 3-month deferral period would be longer than the 2-month deferral period of the tax year being changed. If ABC elects a tax year beginning on December 1, it must file a short tax year return beginning November 1 and ending November 30. Deferral period. The term "deferral period" means the number of months between the last day of the elected tax year and the last day of the required tax year. For example, if you elected a tax year that ends on September 30 and your required tax year is the calendar year, the deferral period would be 3 months (the number of months between September 30 and December 31). Paperwork Reduction Act Notice. We ask for the information on this form to carry out the Internal Revenue laws of the United States. You are required to give us the information. We need it to ensure that you are complying with these laws and to allow us to figure and collect the right amount of tax. You are not required to provide the information requested on a form that is subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act unless the form displays a valid OMB control number. Books or records relating to a form or its instructions must be retained as long as their contents may become material in the administration of any Internal Revenue law. Generally, tax returns and return information are confidential, as required by section 6103. The time needed to complete and file this form will vary depending on individual circumstances. The estimated average time is: Recordkeeping 2 hr., 37 min. Learning about the law or the form 1 hr., 12 min. Preparing and sending the form to the IRS 1 hr., 16 min. If you have comments concerning the accuracy of these time estimates or suggestions for making this form simpler, we would be happy to hear from you. You can write to the Internal Revenue Service, Tax Products Coordinating Committee, SE:W:CAR:MP:T:T:SP, 1111 Constitution Ave. NW, IR-6526, Washington, DC 20224. Do not send the form to this address. Instead, see Where To File on page 1.
Acceptance of Election
After your election is received and accepted by the service center, the center will stamp it "Accepted" and return a copy to you. Be sure to keep a copy of the form marked "Accepted" for your records.
Required tax year. The required tax year for an S corporation or PSC is a calendar year. Generally, the required tax year for a partnership is the tax year of a majority of its partners (see Regulations section 1.706-1(b) for details).
End of Election
The election is made only once. It remains in effect until the entity changes its accounting period to its required tax year or some other permitted year or it is penalized for willfully failing to comply with the requirements of section 280H or 7519. If the election is terminated, the entity may not make another section 444 election.
The following limitations and special rules apply in determining the tax year an entity may elect. New entity adopting a tax year. An entity adopting a tax year may elect a tax year under section 444 only if the deferral period of the tax year is not more than 3 months. See Deferral period below. Existing entity retaining a tax year. In certain cases, an entity may elect to retain its tax year if the deferral period is not more than 3 months. If the entity does not want to elect to retain its tax year, it may elect to change its tax year as explained below. Existing entity changing a tax year. An existing entity may elect to change its tax year if the deferral period of the elected tax year is not more than the shorter of 3 months or the deferral period of the tax year being changed. If the tax year being changed is the entity's required tax year, the deferral period for that year is zero and the entity is not permitted to make a section 444 election. Example. ABC, a C corporation that historically used a tax year ending October 31, elects S status and wants to make a section 444 election for its tax year
Form 8716 is not a valid election unless it is signed. For partnerships, a general partner or a member-manager of a limited liability company must sign and date the election. For corporations, the election must be signed and dated by the president, vice president, treasurer, assistant treasurer, chief accounting officer, or any other corporate officer (such as tax officer) authorized to sign its tax return. If a receiver, trustee in bankruptcy, or assignee controls the entity's property or business, that person must sign the election.