Free Form CO Instructions - Federal


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Category: Copyright
Author: U.S. Copyright Office
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Form CO Instructions

u n i t e d stat e s c o p y r i g h t o f f i c e

Use this form to register a
Literarywork Visualartswork Performingartswork Motionpictureorotheraudiovisual work Soundrecording Singleserialissue

Before you register your work
Reviewtheappropriatecircularsonthe CopyrightOfficewebsite,www.copyright. gov,fordetailedinformationabouthow toregisterparticulartypesofworksand therequirementsforwhatcopyorcopies ofyourworktosend.Also,considerusing theelectronicCopyrightOffice(eCO)for fasterserviceandalowerfilingfee.

What may be included
The following may be included in one registration on Form CO: Unpublishedworks:works by the same author(s) and owned by the same copyright claimant(s), organized in a collection under a collection title. Publishedworks:works published in a single unit of publication and owned by the same copyright claimant.

What to send 1 Completedandsignedapplication 2 $45filingfeepayabletoRegister of Copyrights 3 Deposit--therequiredcopyorcopiesofyourwork Unpublishedworks:onecompletecopy. Publishedworks:generally,twocompletecopiesofthe "bestedition."Thereareexceptionsforcertaintypes ofworks.SeeCircular1,Copyright Basics,fordetails.
To avoid damage to your deposit from Library security measures, please package the following items in boxes rather than envelopes for mailing to the Copyright Office:

Sendallthreeelementsinthesameenvelopeorpackageto: Library of Congress Copyright Office 101 Independence Avenue, SE Washington, DC 20559-**** Usetheappropriatefour-digitzipcodeextensiontoexpeditetheprocessingofyourclaim.Inplaceof****,usethe following: Literary work: -6222 Visual arts work: -6211 Performing arts work: -6233 Motion picture/AV work: -6238 Sound recording: -6237 Serial issue: -6226

electronic media such as audiocassettes, videocassettes, CDs, and DVDs microform photographs slick advertisements and color photocopies

Also please note that CDs packaged in standard full-sized jewel boxes are more likely to survive the mail irradiation process than those packaged in slim-line cases.

How to use this 2d barcode form Completethisformonlineandthenprintitout.Donot attempttoprintoutablankform.(FormCOisavailable onlyonline.) Printoutasecondcopyforyourrecords.Donotsavethe formonline.
Neveraltertheformbyhandafteryouprintitout.The

Ifyouwanttomakemorethanoneregistrationwith similarinformation,keeptheformopenafteryouprint it;thenmakethenecessarychangesandprintthatversion.Repeatasneeded.Onceyouclosetheform,allthe informationenteredwillbelost. Bothsingle-anddouble-sidedprintingisacceptable.
Importantprinterinformation:Toachievebestresults,use

informationyouenterisstoredinthebarcodesonthe form.Ifyousubmitahandalteredform,youwillbe chargedthehigherfeeforpaperfiling.

alaserprinter.Inkjetprintercopiesrequireenlargingif youusetheshrink-to-fit-pageoption.Dot-matrixprinter copiesarenotacceptable.

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Line-by-line Instructions

*indicatesrequiredfields.

**indicatesrequiredalternatefields(oneoftworequired).
inanothercountrythatisnota"treatyparty,"andpublishedinthe UnitedStateswithin30daysoffirstpublication.Atreatypartyisa countryotherthantheUnitedStatesthatisapartytoaninternationalcopyrightagreement.Almostallcountriesoftheworldare currentlytreatyparties.SeeCircular38a,International Copyright Relations of the United States,formoreinformation.note: Leave thislineblankiftheworkisunpublished.
1 i Publishedasacontributioninalargerworkentitled

Section 1 - Work Being Registered
1a Typeofworkbeingregistered Checktheappropriatebox.If * yourworkcontainsmorethanonetypeofauthorship,choosethe typeforthepredominantauthorshipinthework.

* Titleofwork Giveonlyonetitleinthisspace.Toenteranadditionaltitle(s),suchastitlesofindividualworksinanunpublished collectionorworksownedbythesameclaimantinasingleunitof publication,clickthe"additionaltitle"button.Repeatasneeded,up toamaximumof50titles.(Foraregistrationwithmorethan50titles,fileelectronicallyorrequesttheappropriatepaperapplication withcontinuationsheetsbymail.Seealso1dand1ibelow.Givethe completetitleexactlyasitappearsonthecopy.Ifthereisnotitleon thecopy,giveanidentifyingphrasetoserveasthetitleorstate"untitled."Usestandardtitlecapitalizationwithoutquotationmarks; forexample,TheOldManandtheSea.
1b 1c Serialissue

Ifthiswork hasbeenpublishedaspartofalargerwork,enterthetitleofthat largerworkinthisspace.Examplesofaworkpublishedaspartofa largerworkincludeasongonaCD,anarticleinamagazine,anda poeminananthology.Ifthelargerworkincludesavolume,number,and/orissuedate,addthatinformationonthelinesprovided.

Section 2 - Author Information
2a ** Personalname Completeline2aorline2bbutnotboth. Theindividualwhoactuallycreatedtheworkistheauthorexcept inthecaseofa"workmadeforhire,"asexplainedbelowat2g. Completeline2aiftheauthorisanindividual.Givethefullest formofthenameandskipline2b. 2b

Forserialsonly,givetherequiredinformation.

note: Forcopyrightregistrationpurposes,aserialisaworkissued

orintendedtobeissuedinsuccessivepartsbearingnumericalor chronologicaldesignationsandintendedtobecontinuedindefinitely.Theclassification"serial"includesperiodicals,newspapers, magazines,bulletins,newsletters,annuals,journals,proceedingsof societies,andothersimilarworks.EntertheISSN(International StandardSerialNumber)withoutdashes.TheCopyrightOffice doesnotassignthesenumbers.Forinformationonobtainingan ISSN,gotowww.loc.gov/issn/.
1d Previousoralternativetitle

Iftheworkisknownbyanother

** Organizationname Completeline2aorline2bbutnot both.Completeline2bonlyiftheworkismadeforhireanda corporationororganizationistheauthor."Workmadeforhire"is explainedbelowat2g.Givethefullestformofthecorporateororganizationalname.

title,givethattitlehere.
1e Yearofcompletion Givetheyearinwhichcreationofthe * work you are submittingwascompleted.Donotgiveayearforearlierorlaterversions.Iftheworkhasbeenpublished,theyearof completioncannotbelaterthantheyearoffirstpublication. 1f1h Dateofpublication Givethecompletedate,inmm/dd/ yyyyformat,onwhichtheworkwasfirstpublished.Donotgivea datethatisinthefuture.note: Leavethislineblankiftheworkis unpublished."Publication"isthedistributionofcopiesorphonorecordsofaworktothepublicbysaleorothertransferofownershiporbyrental,lease,orlending.Theofferingtodistributecopies orphonorecordstoagroupofpersonsforpurposesoffurtherdistribution,publicperformance,orpublicdisplayconstitutespublication.Apublicperformanceordisplayofaworkdoesnotofitself constitutepublication.17U.S.C.101.

2c Doingbusinessas Youmaygivethenameunderwhichanauthordoesbusiness(doingbusinessas;tradingas;soleownerof;also knownas).

Givetheyeartheauthorwasborn.Theyearof birthisoptionalbutisveryusefulasaformofauthoridentification.Manyauthorshavethesamename.note: Iftheyearofbirth isprovided,itwillbemadepartoftheonlinepublicrecordsproducedbytheCopyrightOfficeandaccessibleontheInternet.This informationcannotberemovedlaterfromthosepublicrecords.
2e Yearofdeath

2d Yearofbirth

Thisinformationisrequirediftheauthoris

deceased. ChecktoindicateU.S.citizenship.Ifthe authorisacitizenofanothercountry,enterthenameofthisnation. Alternatively,identifythenationwheretheauthorisdomiciled(residespermanently).
2g Author'scontributionis 2f Citizenship/domicile

GivetheInternationalStandardBookNumber(ISBN),if onehasbeenassignedtothiswork,withoutdashes.TheCopyright Officedoesnotassignthesenumbers.ForinformationonobtaininganISBN,contactR.R.Bowkeratwww.bowker.com. Givethenationwheretheworkwas firstpublished.Check"UnitedStates"inanyofthefollowingcircumstances:(1)iftheworkwasfirstpublishedintheUnitedStates; (2)iftheworkwasfirstpublishedsimultaneouslyintheUnited Statesandanothercountry;or(3)iftheworkwasfirstpublished
1h Nationofpublication

1g .ISBN

Ifthislineisapplicable,checkonly

onebox.
Madeforhire Checkthisboxonlyiftheworkwasmadefor

hire.Thismeansthat: 1 thework,oranauthor'scontributiontothework,isprepared byanemployeeasaregularpartofhisorheremployment,or

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2 aworkisspeciallyorderedorcommissionedincertaininstances:foruseasacontributiontoacollectivework,asapart ofamotionpictureorotheraudiovisualwork,asatranslation, asasupplementarywork,asacompilation,asaninstructionaltext,asatest,asanswermaterialforatest,orasanatlas,providingthepartiesagreeinwritingthatthecontributionshallbeconsideredaworkmadeforhire.note: Inthis case,nametheemployerastheauthorinline2aor2b.The employeeshouldnotbegiven.SeeCircular9,Works Made for Hire Under the 1976 Copyright Act,formoreinformation.
Anonymous Checkthisboxifnonaturalpersonisnamedas

Additionalauthors Toaddanotherauthor,clickthe"additional

author"button.Repeatasneeded.

Section 3 - Copyright Claimant Information
3a ** Personalname Completeline3aorline3bbutnotboth. Completeline3aiftheclaimantisanindividual.Thecopyright claimant(owner)iseithertheauthoroftheworkorthepersonor organizationtowhomthecopyrighthasbeentransferredbyanauthororotherauthorizedcopyrightowner.Givethefullestformof thenameandskipline3b. 3b ** Organizationname Completeline3aorline3bbutnot both.Completeline3biftheclaimantisacorporationororganization.Thecopyrightclaimant(owner)iseithertheauthorofthe workorthepersonororganizationtowhomthecopyrighthas beentransferredbyanauthororotherauthorizedcopyrightowner. Givethefullestformofthecorporateororganizationalname. 3c Doingbusinessas Youmaygivethenameunderwhicha claimantdoesbusiness(doingbusinessas;tradingas;soleownerof; alsoknownas). 3c Address,email,andphone Givethisinformationinthelines provided.note: Theclaimantpostaladdresswillbemadepart oftheonlinepublicrecordsproducedbytheCopyrightOfficeand accessibleontheInternet.Thisinformationcannotberemoved laterfromthosepublicrecords.Theemailaddressandphone numberwillnotappearinthepublicrecordunlessalsoincluded insection5,RightsandPermissionsContact.Besuretoreview section5accordingly. 3e Copyrightownershipacquiredby Iftheclaimantistheauthor ofthework,skipthisline.Transferinformationisrequiredifthis claimantisnotanauthorbuthasobtainedownershipofthecopyrightfromtheauthororanotherowner.Inthiscase,checkthe appropriateboxtoindicatehowownershipwasacquired.note: "Writtenagreement"includesatransferbyassignmentorbycontract."Willorinheritance"appliesonlyifthepersonfromwhom copyrightwastransferredisdeceased.Ifnecessary,check"other" andgiveabriefstatementindicatinghowcopyrightwastransferred.

authoroncopiesoftheworkandtheworkisnotmadeforhire. Inthiscase,atline2a,youshouldeither(1)givetheauthor'slegalnameor(2)state"anonymous"inthe"firstname"field.Do notleaveline2ablank.Ifthenameisgiveninline2a,itwillbe madepartoftheonlinepublicrecordsproducedbytheCopyrightOfficeandaccessibleontheInternet.Thisinformation cannotberemovedlaterfromthosepublicrecords.
Pseudonymous Checkthisboxiftheauthorisidentifiedon

copiesoftheworkonlyunderafictitiousnameandtheworkis notmadeforhire.Inthiscase,checktheboxandgivethepseudo- nymontheassociatedline.Atline2a,youshouldeither(1)give theauthor'slegalnameor(2)state"pseudonymous"inthe"first name"field.Donotleaveline2ablank.Ifthenameisgivenin line2a,itwillbemadepartoftheonlinepublicrecordsproduced bytheCopyrightOfficeandaccessibleontheInternet.This informationcannotberemovedlaterfromthosepublicrecords.

* Thisauthorcreated Checktheappropriatebox(es)thatdescribethisauthor'scontributiontothiswork.Giveabriefstatement onthelineafter"other"onlyifitisnecessarytogiveamorespecific descriptionoftheauthorshiporifnoneofthecheckboxesapplies. Examplesofotherauthorshipstatementsarechoreography,musical arrangement,translation,dramatization,orfictionalization.note: Donotgiveanyofthefollowingterms:idea,process,procedure, system,methodofoperation,concept,principle,discovery,title,or name.Thesetermsrefertoelementsnotsubjecttocopyright.For informationoncompilations,seetheinstructionsforline4c. Forasingleserialissue,thepreferreddescriptionoftheauthorship isusually"collectivework."Givethisstatementatthe"other"line. Thisindicatesthattheclaimisinthecollectiveworkasawholeand mayincludetext,editing,compilation,andcontribution(s)inwhich copyrighthasbeentransferredtotheclaimant.
2h

Additionalclaimants Toaddanotherclaimant,clickthe"addition-

alclaimant"button.Repeatasneeded.

Section 4 - Limitation of Copyright Claim
previously registered or previously published material, material note: Skip this section unless this work contains or is based on

Forsoundrecordingsandmusicalworks:Sound recordings and musical works are separate works. To register a claim in both, the copyright claimant(s)/owner(s) must be the same. This

The author of a sound recording is the performer or producer, and the authorship is "sound recording/performance." The

requirement generally means the author(s) must be the same.

in the public domain, or material not owned by this claimant. The identify the new material upon which the present claim is based.
4a Materialexcludedfromthisclaim

purpose of section 4 is to exclude such material from the claim and

author of a musical work--a song, for example--is the composer lyrics." See Circular 56a, Copyright Registration of Musical or song writer and the authorship is "music" or "music and

Compositions and Sound Recordings, for more information.

Checktheappropriatebox orboxestoexcludeanypreviouslyregisteredorpreviouslypublishedmaterial,materialinthepublicdomain,ormaterialnot ownedbythisclaimant."Text"mayincludefictionornonfiction text,computerprogramcode,lyrics,poetry,orscripts."Artwork"

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mayincludetwo-orthree-dimensionalartwork,technicaldrawings,orphotographs."Audiovisualwork"mayincludevideoclips, motionpicturefootage,oraseriesofimagesonaCD-ROM.(See theshadedboxatthebottomofpage4forspecificexamples.)Give abriefstatementonthelineafter"other"onlyifitisnecessaryto giveamorespecificdescriptionofthematerialexcludedfromthis claimorifnoneofthecheckboxesapplies.note: Tousesomeone else'smaterialinyourworklawfully,youmusthavepermission fromthecopyrightownerofthatmaterial.
4b Previousregistration

box.note: Alltheinformationgiveninsection5,includingname, postaladdress,emailaddress,andphonenumber,willbemadepart oftheonlinepublicrecordsproducedbytheCopyrightOfficeand accessibleontheInternet.Thisinformationcannotberemoved laterfromthosepublicrecords.

Section 6 - Correspondence Contact *
ThisisthepersontheCopyrightOfficeshouldcontactwithany questionsaboutthisapplication.Ifthisisthesameasthefirstcopyrightclaimantortherightsandpermissionscontact,simplycheck theappropriatebox.(Informationgivenonlyinthisspacewillnot appearintheonlinepublicrecord.)

Iftheworkforwhichyouarenowseekingregistration,oranearlierversionofit,hasbeenregistered,give theregistrationnumberandtheyearofregistration.Iftherehave beenmultipleregistrations,youmaygiveinformationregarding thelasttwo.
Specialsituation If you are registering the first published

Section 7 - Mail Certificate To *
edition of a work that is identical to a previously registered

istered), check the "other" box in line 4a and state "First publica-

unpublished version (contains no new material not already regtion of work registered as unpublished." In this case, skip line 4c.

Thisisthepersontowhomtheregistrationcertificateshouldbe mailed.Ifthisisthesameasthefirstcopyrightclaimant,therights andpermissionscontact,orthecorrespondencecontact,simply checktheappropriatebox.(Informationgivenonlyinthisspace willnotappearintheonlinepublicrecord.)

Checktheappropriatebox orboxestoidentifythenewmaterialyouareclaiminginthisregistration.(Seetheshadedboxatthebottomofthispaageforspecific examples.)Giveabriefstatementonthelineafter"other"onlyifit isnecessarytogiveamorespecificdescriptionofthenewmaterial includedinthisclaimorifnoneofthecheckboxesapplies.note: "Compilation"isaworkformedbythecollectionandassemblingof preexistingmaterialsorofdatathatareselected,coordinated,orarrangedinsuchawaythattheresultingworkasawholeconstitutes anoriginalworkofauthorship.Aclaimin"compilation"doesnot includethematerialthathasbeencompiled.Ifthatmaterialshould alsobeincludedintheclaim,checktheappropriateadditionalboxes.

4c Newmaterialincludedinthisclaim

Section 8 - Certification
8a 8b

* Handwrittensignature Afteryouprintoutthecompleted application,besuretosignitatthisspace. *
Printedname Enterthenameofthepersonwhowillsign

theform.
8c Datesigned Choose"today'sdate"or"writedatebyhand." * Inthelattercase,besuretodatetheapplicationbyhandwhenyou signit.note: Ifthisapplicationgivesadateofpublication,donot certifyusingadatepriortothepublicationdate. 8d Depositaccount LeavethislineblankunlessyouhaveaCopyrightOfficedepositaccountandarechargingthefilingfeetothat account. 8e Applicant'sinternaltrackingnumber

Section 5 - Rights and Permissions
Thisisthepersontocontacttoobtainpermissiontousethiswork. Ifthisisthesameasthefirstcopyrightclaimant,simplycheckthe

Enteryourowninternal

trackingnumber,ifany.

Section 4 -- Examples
Your work (excluded material) How to complete line 4a (new, additional, or revised material) State "new arrangement" at the "other" line. Check the "text" box. State "English translation" at the "other" line. State "All other cinematographic material" at the "other" line. How to complete line 4c

New arrangement of a public domain song Revised version of a previously published book English translation of a Spanish novel Movie based on a previously registered screenplay

Check the "text" and "music" boxes. Check the "text" box. Check the "text" box. Check the "text" box.

U.S.CopyrightOffice LibraryofCongress 101IndependenceAvenueSE Washington,DC20559-6000 www.copyright.gov
form co rev: 07 / 2009